The 1,500-Year-Old History of Colorado Springs
Colorado Springs is a city in Colorado. It is the second most populous city in Colorado, as well as the 34th most populous in the United States, with an estimated population of 319,591 in 2015. Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by the Ute People and the Jicarilla Apache. The first Europeans to arrive in what was later named Colorado were the Pike Expedition in 1806 led by Stephen H. Long and followed shortly thereafter by Zebulon Pike in 1807. They were both commissioned by the United States Army to lead separate groups in exploring what was then called the “Southwest Territory.”
In 1858, the city was founded as “The City of Colorado Springs”, which became known simply as Colorado Springs. It was named after the abundant springs that bubbled up near the rocky formations along the city’s original streets. Many of the original settlers in Colorado Springs were miners happy to find their fortunes in gold and silver. When some of the richest veins of ore were discovered in the late 19th century, Colorado became a hot spot for mining riches. By 1900, mining was declining as natural resource deposits peaked and workers faced increasingly dangerous working conditions.
Coloradohistory.org – The Web’s #1 Resource for Walking Tour and Visitor Information for Colorado Springs and the Grand County
The Colorado Springs urban area consists of over 6,000 neighborhoods surrounded by open space and mountains. The official motto of the city is “The World at Our Feet”, while the unofficial version used locally is “Where America Runs”. (The city hosts tours of downtown.)
Colorado Springs is situated between the Rampart Range and the Rocky Mountains, and is located northwest of Denver. It is home to several major military installations, including NORAD (North American Aerospace Command) and the United States Air Force Academy.
The city houses three major professional sports franchises: a National Hockey League team, the Colorado Avalanche; a Major League Soccer team, Colorado Springs Switchbacks FC; and a Triple-A minor league baseball team, the Colorado Springs Sky Sox.
Colorado Springs Monthly – Your Source for all Things Colorado Springs
The city’s population has increased since the mid-2010s, and in 2017 its estimated population is 319,591. Of those people, 71.9% are male and 28.1% are female, with 0.5% of the population being under 6 years old. Of the population over 18 years old, 53.7% are White (non-Hispanic), 22.6% are Hispanic or Latino (of any race), 3.2% are African American and Latin American, 2.9% are Asian, 2.8% are American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.08% are Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, 6.0% report two or more races, and 24.2% claim to be of “some other race”.
The median age of the population is 32.5 years old, with 60% between ages 20 and 39, 27.6% between 40 and 64, and 11.7% over 64. For every 100 females there are 94 males. The population is generally well-educated: 54.2% of adults have obtained a college degree, and 25.2% of adults have completed some college, but no degree. Of the population 25 years old and over, 37.6% are affiliated with a religious congregation.
Colorado Springs Magazine – The Magazine of El Paso County Politics & Government
The racial makeup of the city was 71.3% White, 6.3% Hispanic or Latino (of any race), 9.7% Asian, 5.8% African American and 3.2% American Indian and Alaska Native. In the surrounding county, the racial makeup was 88.6% White, 6.4% Hispanic or Latino (of any race), 4.0% Asian, 2.6% African American and 1.9% American Indian and Alaska Native”.
This is a story of how the City of Colorado Springs, in partnership with El Paso County, has transformed its approach to racial healing and engagement. In the process, racism has come to an end in our city of almost 200,000 people — a shift we believe is not just a milestone for us individually but will ultimately be the foundation for a more prosperous future for all.
COSMOS Unofficial Blog & Newsletter – 50 Years of Layout for the COSMOS Community in Coloradosprings.com Wellness Center and
The racial makeup of the city was 71.3% White, 6.3% Hispanic or Latino (of any race), 9.7% Asian, 5.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% Black or African American, and 2.6% from two or more races.
The median age was 35 years (2016 estimate) with a gender ratio of 83 men to 100 women.”
At the 50th anniversary party for the Colorado Springs COSMOS Wellness Center on April 10th, 2014, Tom and Terry Kurtz spoke about the fascinating history of our center’s layout design. This article summarizes what I learned.