Introduction: What is a Sump Pit and Why is it Necessary?
A sump pit is a hole dug into the ground that collects water flowing down from above. They can be made from corrugated steel, concrete, polyethylene or earthenware lined pits in which there is a high rate of water flow than may overflow the inlet pipe. The sump pit keeps the water out of the basement or crawl space. A sump pit, which is usually four feet wide and eight feet long, can be as deep as three feet under the house. It can be constructed in one day if you have the excavation equipment. The pit’s purpose is to catch water that might cause damage to the floor or carpeting and to prevent water from pooling in the crawl space. When there is a high amount of water flowing from the downspouts, gutters and roof, it will leave the basement or crawl space filled with water and cause damage to the structure.
A sump pit is only used in areas which have a high rate of water flow. They are not necessary in areas that do not receive heavy rainfall, such as Florida. Because of this, some people may prefer to have them installed anyway so as to prevent a flood in case there is an unexpected storm and heavy rain. The sump pit can be installed in an existing basement or crawl space. It can also be used to alleviate moisture and condensation that accumulates on the surface of the concrete.
How to Choose the Right Sump Pit Type for Your Basement Basement Floor
Identify your basement area and develop a concrete footing for the sump pit. Measure and mark the distance from where your sump pit will be located to the nearest water line in your home. If the sump pit is going to be located more than six feet away from the nearest water line, there must be a drain tile installed near the water supply line. The drainage system will need to run to at least ten feet away from the nearest water line.
Installing a pump/powerhead is an option for some sump pits. The process involves digging a hole and adding piping to the pit. The pump pumps water from the pit and into the house for use during an emergency. Powerheads can be extremely expensive and are not necessary if the pit is close enough to the water supply line. Powerheads must be larger than those used in a residential setting.
Consider installing a smaller, lighter pump/powerhead that can be moved easily if needed in case of flood conditions. The sump pit must be dug at least three feet into the ground. The depth of the hole may vary depending on the size of the pit and pump.
How to Decide on the Right Sump Pit Location for Your Home
The location of the sump pit should be placed in an area that is easily accessible to any future maintenance that may be needed. It should also be made sure that there are no cables, sewer lines or gas lines in the area since they could interfere with your sump’s functionality. Make sure the area is dry, free of any plant life and open.
Some factors that should be taken into consideration when deciding on the ideal location of your sump pit include:
* Height of your house or the ground level of your home will determine how tall the sump pit will be. The deeper or higher you want it to be, the larger it must be and vice versa. You can always purchase a trenching shovel to help excavate a deeper pit if needed.
* Also, consider where water is coming in and going out. Directional flow is an important factor when deciding on the right location. The sump pit should be located to provide easy access to the pump and to allow it function properly when draining.
* You also need to consider your property’s grade or slope, as well as the direction of water runoff. This will ensure that water does not pool around your home.
The Different Types of Pumps that Fit a Sump Pit Installation
The sump pit should have a pump that can push as much water as possible and is reliable. For example, a pressure driven pump with an electric motor is the best option since it will require less maintenance. However, if there is a high water table in the area or a larger sump pit that needs a larger pump than what pressure-driven pump can offer, then it would be best to install a submersible sump pump. Submersible sump pumps are better because they have longer grout lines and can handle leaks better. If a sump pit is not found in the house, then a well should be drilled. In most cases, the diameter of the well should match the size of the submersible pump.
A portable water well should have a depth between 25 to 35 feet. The pump that will be used in this type of well is similar to any other submersible pump but are designed for shorter distances. The dual-piston pumps can handle more pressure than a single-piston and are easier to maintain. Portable pumps come in different sizes and can be powered by electricity, gasoline or any other source of power.
Regarding the water supply, it does not need to be very constant. The pump for well should have a small storage tank that can handle the pressure that will result from a heavy rain. If there is a constant water supply, then the sump pump can use this amount of water while maintaining an equal volume of water in the pit.
What are Some Common Problems with Sewage Disposal in your Backyard?
The best way to avoid sewage disposal problems is to have your sump pit installed correctly. There should be a drop in the sump pit’s water level so it can evacuate more water after heavy rainfall. If there is too much water in the sump pit, that may cause sewage backup and flood problems. Installing a backwater valve can prevent the sewage from backing up into your bathroom or basement. Correctly sizing your sump pit is also important to avoid flood damage. Get the right size sump pit and ensure it is inspected regularly.
In some cases there may be a problem with your septic system, even if the sump pit was installed correctly originally. Problems that may lead to sewage backup are:
The septic tank or leaching bed may be clogged or broken.
Water in your septic system may be stagnant for an extended period of time because of blockage or inefficiency of the design .
Sump pit issues may also result from frequent rainfall. If that happens, the sump pit water level may not be able to evacuate enough water.