What if the Roman Empire Never Fell? : How the Rise of Medieval Europe Would Have Changed History

What If the Roman Empire Never Fell? : The Rise of Islam and the Fall of Rome

The geography of the Mediterranean is as important as its history. The sea has played a vital part in differentiating people and cultures, during the birth of empires and even today with the isolation of continents, (the only two being Africa and Antarctica). In this article we will look at how empires, not just those based around the Mediterranean, have been affected by its geography.
In the early centuries of the Roman Empire, the Mediterranean was a very different place than it is today. The sea formed a barrier between two continents, one being Africa, and the other Europe, with many islands and peninsulas in between. The empire was an invincible one; it was able to overcome competition from its neighbours (Parthians, Egyptians and Persians) while defeating even Alexander the Great’s army.
With the expansion of the empire into Europe, it would be logical to believe that all of these geographical factors would have affected its success. We first start looking at the impact of the Roman expansion on its neighbours, the Persians and Greeks.
The Persians relied on their cavalry and had no navy, and although they were able to compete with the Romans in battle, their disadvantage was a lack of experience of fighting sea battles as well as being harder to supply as they did not have a harbour. This eventually became their downfall, when the Roman general Pompey took the Persian King, Darius III, prisoner and was able to defend his conquest.

what if the roman empire never fell
what if the roman empire never fell

What If Rome Never Fell?

In the days before and after the western Roman empire fell, many things changed. The most notable of which was the rise of Christianity, or more accurately Jesus, who became a much loved man and encouraged radical new ideas. His teachings persuaded people in charge that slavery should be abolished and that equality should reign among all men. It was a dangerous new idea and the Roman rulers were not happy, preferring that people submit to their authority rather than be influenced by the teachings of a charismatic man. They banned the teachings of Jesus and put a price on his head. However, he was protected by his followers who continued to spread the word.

what if the roman empire never fell
what if the roman empire never fell